In 1937 K. Amarnath directed 4 Tamil movies within a year,


Danger Signal   Pucca Rowdy –  Minnalkodi    Veer Ramani


Two of them, “Minnalkodi” and “Veer Ramani”, starring K.T.Rukmini and B. Srinivasa Rao, became box-office hits.


Veer Ramani – 1937 (Tamil)

Veer Ramani


Tamil Cinema
K. T. Rukmini, P. S. Srinivasa Rao, S. R. Padma, T. V. Swami and K. Mani
People in the Tamil-speaking districts and the surrounding areas of the erstwhile Madras Presidency were shocked when they saw a movie poster showing a woman attired in trousers and shirt, smoking a cigarette! That was the era when women in this part of the country were conservative and expected to walk behind their husbands whenever they went out. The poster was from a movie produced in Bombay, Veera Ramani, and the woman puffing away was K. T. Rukmini, then known as the Stunt Queen. Rukmini rode horses, drove motorcycles and jumped from vehicles (using a double). But moviegoers felt she was doing the jumps herself, and whistled and clapped with glee during such sequences in Veera Ramani.
A young woman Shantha (Rukmini) falls in love with an unemployed youth named Moorthi (Srinivasa Rao). To make it easy for her to meet him every day, she persuades her uncle Dharmalinga Mudaliar (Mani) to engage him as her tuition teacher. However, Moorthi is in love with another girl Meenakshi (Padma). A villain (Swami) who hates the hero succeeds in sending Moorthi to prison on a trumped-up charge. However, he escapes and takes to burglary for a living. Shocked by the problems faced by Moorthi, Shantha disguised as a man learns to ride a motorcycle and a horse, smoke and fight, and other such masculine pastimes. She starts punishing wrongdoers. After many trials and tribulations, the lovers (Shantha and Moorthi) are united.
The story and screenplay were by director K. Amarnath. Born in Mianwali (Punjab, now in Pakistan) in 1914, Gelaram Khetarpal Amarnath made many films in Hindi and Tamil. His Tamil works include Minnal Kodi, Jayakodi, Madras Mail, Veera Ramani and Pucca Rowdy (the original title was Thanjavur Rowdy. As conservative Tanjoreans of the day objected to this title, the producers changed it to Pucca Rowdy!) . His Tamil movies were made in Bombay in the Andheri area which was then thickly wooded! Besides, he produced movies. After the Partition in 1947, he moved to Bombay where he continued to make Hindi movies until his demise in 1983 at the age of 68. Srinivasa Rao was known as the ‘Stunt King.’ He played the hero in many Tamil films since 1934 and a few Hindi ones under the name Chandrakanth. A Marathi Brahmin from Tanjore, he was also a musician and composed the music for most of the films he acted in. After he quit films, he joined a music school attached to Srinivasa Gandhi Nilayam in Alwarpet, where he taught bhajans and abhangs — his disciples included many prominent socialites of Madras such as Dr. Mathangi Ramakrishnan, Thangam Aiyadurai and M. S. Subbulakshmi.
Padma hailed from Karnataka and acted in Kannada movies. Sami wrote the dialogue and the lyrics, while the music was scored by Biswas and Krishnaswami. Jilani shot the stunt scenes. Veera Ramani was successful mainly because of its racy storyline, fast-paced action and thrilling stunt sequences by Rukmini and Srinivasa Rao.
As for Rukmini, she married a senior doctor in government service and led a happy life away from the arc lights.
Remembered for the stunning stunt sequences, featuring Rukmini and Srinivasa Rao, and the racy on-screen narration by director Amarnath.


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Minnalkodi – 1937 (Tamil)

“A Bolt of Lightning”

“In 1937 another great Tamil director, K. Amarnath presented a sort of Robin Hood story, Minnalkodi. In this film a young woman, a victim of injustice steals from the rich to aid the poorer section of the society.”

Minnalkodi was released on 30 October 1937 and emerged a major commercial success, besides propelling Rukmini to stardom.


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Bhagya Leela – 1938 (Tamil)


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“Mohan Studios was founded by Ramaniklal and Mohanlal Shah. The importance of this studio lies in the fact that important independent filmmakers had Mohan as their home. Mohanlal of Ramaniklal Mohanlal and Co. entered the film industry as a distributor in 1931 and ran a touring cinema in the Madras Presidency. In 1932 he shifted to Mumbai. In 1936, they secured an agency of Bombay Talkies films, took over Kumar Movietone Studio, started Mohan Studios and entered into production in 1937 with Danger Signal in Hindi and Tamil, directed by K. Amarnath. In the same year, Mohan produced two more Tamil films also directed by K. Amarnath titled Pucca Rowdy and Minnalkodi with K. T. Rukmini and B. Srinivas Rao. Minnalkodi was a big hit. Mohan’s other films directed by K. Amarnath were Chasmawali (1939) with Indurani, Midnight Mail (1939), Captain Kishori (1940), and Thief of Tatar (1940). He was later to direct the film Village Girl (1945) with Nurjehan and Nazir for Ramanik Productions, a sister concern of Mohan. He formed his own company and produced and directed films like Bazaar (1950) with Nigar Sultana, Shyam, Gope, Yakub. Naya Andaz (1956) with Meena Kumari and Kishore Kumar, and continued to make costume films like Mehbooba (1954), Baradari (1955) and Kabulikhan (1963).”

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PUBLISHED: 2013-Reviews Post & 1st Dec 2014 Post

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